CSEM is a private research and development company, partially funded by the Swiss confederation. It provides cutting edge R&D services for industrial applications. By combining microsystems technologies (sensors and actuators), with advanced vision concepts, wireless communication systems, signal treatment and embedded intelligence, CSEM offers to its partners a clear competitive advantage for applications such as security and counterfeit protection, medical diagnostics and wireless sensor networking. Based on our MEMS design expertise required for interferometric phase contrast X-ray imaging, we introduce disruptive concepts in non-destructive testing for advanced composite materials used in automotive and aeronautics industry. CSEM leads a European research project with partners from the French aeronautics industry and other European industrial and academic partners to advance progress in design and understanding of defect and failure mechanisms in carbon fibre composites.