The Fraunhofer Institute for Material and Beam Technology IWS Dresden portfolio includes two overlapping technology areas: laser and surface technologies. The development of technologies and systems with tailored laser light and the engineering of functional surfaces are both thrilling research areas with fantastic opportunities for the future. The research and development work at the Fraunhofer IWS is based on a solid materials science background and extensive technical capabilities for materials and component characterization. Materials are a central element of todays manufacturing technology and nanotechnology is increasingly gaining importance in both materials development and manufacturing. In both areas, the Fraunhofer IWS Dresden established and expanded its core competences. The Fraunhofer IWS works closely with equipment and system manufacturers to offer one-stop solutions.