NanoCelluComp is an EU Seventh Framework Programme project delivered by a consortium of European research and industrial organizations. NanoCelluComp aims to develop a novel process technology that utilizes the high mechanical performance of cellulose nanofibres (obtained from sustainable food-processing waste streams), combined with bioderived matrix materials, for the manufacture of 100% bio-derived high-performance composite materials. These would replace randomly-oriented and unidirectional glass and carbon fibre reinforced plastics in a range of applications, including transportation, wind turbines, biomedical, sport and consumer goods. This process technology will be compatible with existing composite manufacturing processes to facilitate industry uptake. Simultaneously the project is assessing the sustainability of the process and materials in terms of life-cycle analysis (including environmental impacts) and costs compared to existing materials.