The First World Conference on 3D Fabrics and their Applications, which was held in Manchester in 2008, attracted an attendance of around 150 people, including many from industry. Subsequent conferences have been in Greenville, South Carolina, USA, Wuhan, China, and Aachen, Germany. This year the conference returns to Asia to be held at IIT Delhi, one of India’s foremost technological universities, with a strong record of research on 3D fabrics.
Most textile materials are thin 2D sheets, albeit with an internal 3D structure of fibres and yarns. 2D woven fabrics have been used in composites ever since glass yarns became available over 70 years ago, for example as single layers in repair kits or multiple layers in laminates. What do we mean by 3D fabrics? In the current context they are defined as:
For preforms for composites, 3D weaves are the most used but braids are an alternative as in the tubular golf handle designed by Professor Hamada in Japan. Examples are shown hereunder:
Top line: Three 3D woven forms and one braided.
Bottom line: Examples of 3D woven fabrics.
The breadth of interest in 3D fabrics is shown by over 50 papers to be presented at the Delhi conference from Brazil, Czech Republic, Germany, Hong Kong, India, Japan, Sweden, Turkey, UK and USA.
The event will take place on 16-17 December 2013, in Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Delhi, India.