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Buga Fiber Pavilion, a robotically fabricated lightweight fiber composite structure

News International-French

15 Apr 2019

The Institute for Computational Design and Construction (ICD) and the Institute for Building Structures and Structural Design (ITKE) at the University of Stuttgart are developing two highly innovative, biologically inspired pavilions for the 2019 Bundesgartenschau in Heilbronn.

Rendering Buga Fiber Pavilion 2019, ©ICD/ITKE University of Stuttgart.

Rendering Buga Fiber Pavilion 2019, ©ICD/ITKE University of Stuttgart.

Light-weight structures are fully computationally designed and robotically fabricated. The two pavilions embody and express the strength of innovation typical for the State of Baden-Württemberg, which has been an internationally recognized centre for lightweight constructions, biomimetics, and the development of digital technologies in architecture for several decades. By acting as the main funding body, the state will play a prominent role in the exhibition.

Robotic coreless winding process for large load-bearing fibre composite components, ©ICD/ITKE University of Stuttgart.

Compared to technical systems, biological structures exhibit a far higher degree of material efficiency and functional integrity. The transfer of light-weight principles such as a high degree of differentiation of material and structure, in combination with the development of computational design, simulation, and fabrication methods, enable novel constructional typologies in architecture. The Buga Fibre Pavilion is made entirely from individual fibre composite components, which are each produced from glass and carbon fibres through an automated robotic winding process. These methods allow for the specific adaptation of form and fibre layout for each of the 60 components depending on their structural and architectural requirements. The pavilion is not only structurally highly effective and lightweight, but it also provides for a unique architectural expression and spatial experience.

Rendering Buga Fiber Pavilion 2019, ©ICD/ITKE University of Stuttgart.