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The latest generation of polyurethane matrix resins

News International-French

20 Sep 2013

Through the development of its new polyurethane matrix resin, Loctite MAX 3, Henkel has taken a further important step toward fully automated series production of composite components for the automotive industry.

In collaboration with KraussMaffei, Henkel has developed a process for the manufacture of components based on glass or  carbon fiber and using high-pressure RTM (HP-RTM) technology that creates a surface quality good enough for automobile exteriors. 

Lightweight construction technologies are gaining ever more importance in the automotive industry because they help reduce the weight of the overall vehicle, something that is becoming a necessity in the face of strict exhaust requirements and as an avenue for decreasing both fuel consumption and CO2 emissions. Composite materials based on carbon or glass fibers combine lightness in weight with enormous strength, thus offering outstanding properties in relation to safety and crash behavior. Until now, there have been certain limitations in the use of lightweight components. They are restricted in the degree to which they can meet the requirements of the automotive industry with respect to cycle times and level of automation. In particular, composites have been very rarely used for the external components of production vehicles, as the requisite post-treatment of the surface for subsequent painting has been too time-consuming and had to be performed manually. With the strong support of Henkel, KraussMaffei has now succeeded in producing composite components in a fully automated process, that exhibit a surface quality suitable for immediate painting. This has become possible thanks to the development of Loctite MAX 3, a three-component polyurethane-based matrix resin system from Henkel that contains not only the resin and hardener but also a high-performance release agent.

Increased temperature resistance directly after demolding.
This polyurethane-based matrix resin technology from Henkel is characterized by significantly faster curing compared to the epoxy resins usually used for the RTM (resin transfer molding) process. Due to its low viscosity, the resin penetrates the fiber material more easily and with less disruption, giving rise to shorter injection times and thus short cycle times in series production. The outstanding toughness of Loctite MAX 3 also facilitates achievement of an optimized component structure. Henkel has likewise improved the temperature resistance of the PUR resin, taking Loctite MAX 3 to a level comparable with that of epoxy resins in relation to this particular property. This high temperature resistance means that the fiber-reinforced composites can be demolded more quickly. With the internal release agent ensuring easy detachment of the component from its mold, the resultant surface is of sufficiently high quality to allow immediate painting and bonding. This accelerates the production process and enables manufacture of external and visible components of outstanding surface quality.

Flexible inclusion within an integrated concept
For the automotive industry particularly, integration within an overall package is essential for this technology to be regarded as application ready. Consequently, Henkel offers individually formulated adhesives designed to ensure the reliable process integration of the different component materials within the framework of advanced multimaterial concepts. The various elements must be ideally coordinated if the adhesives are to perform to their full potential. With the adhesives portfolio from Henkel, this gives rise to a complete system solution enabling the manufacture and integration of composite components in automobiles.

Photo: Frank Deutschländer and Dr. Andreas Ferencz inspect a lightweight component for the automotive industry.