The lab was reorganized due to a shift in its overall mission and industry demand. When the Advanced Joining and Processing Lab was founded in 2003, friction stir welding, friction stir spot welding and friction stir processing were fairly new technologies that were emerging in the aircraft industry.
The lab, which was founded after recommendations from NIAR’s Industry Advisory Council, began with a mission to develop standards for friction stir welding and assist manufacturers in developing and testing prototypes in order to assess the feasibility for mass production.
While the lab is still assisting various organizations in researching friction stir welding implementation, much of its focus has shifted. In early 2009, lab management realized a need to research the possibility of using robotic applications to perform more complex friction stir welds that would enable more efficient workflow through the manufacturing floor while at the same time reducing the equipment footprint and need for tooling. At the time the lab was using a large gantry machine, but later acquired additional robots capable of performing friction stir welding and became involved in training staff and student assistants to program the machines.
In the fall of 2010, this technology was advanced to the point where it was deemed necessary to progress upward in the Technology Readiness Level, and incorporate it into the manufacturing process. The lab then moved to the new National Center for Aviation Training (NCAT), along with additional NIAR labs including the CAD/CAM Lab and lay-up room for the Composites & Advanced Materials Lab.
At this time, the lab will remain at the National Center for Aviation Training, and will continue as a member of the National Science Foundation’s Center for Friction Stir Processing, performing research for its members: Bombardier Learjet, the FAA, Hawker Beechcraft, General Motors, Embraer, Cessna and Spirit AeroSystems.
More information: www.niar.wichita.edu