New publication on the prediction of ply-ply friction for simulation software
Excessive resistance against the movement of adjacent plies, or ply-ply friction, can lead to process-induced defects during hot press forming of thermoplastic composite laminates. To avoid the occurrence of defects on beforehand, use can be made of process simulations. However, a good understanding of the ply-ply friction is required to improve the constitutive models to allow for simulation of more complex parts.
Rens performed friction experiments on UD C/PAEK tapes, showing a typical response with a peak followed by a steady-state friction. The peak shear stress was successfully predicted by assuming a shear flow of the matrix material in the ply-ply interface, for which he measured the matrix viscosity and analyzed the matrix interlayer in the ply-ply interface.
Further, Rens accurately described the steady-state friction by including a critical shear stress to represent wall slip, substantiating the concept of wall slip as the dominant underlying mechanism for the start-up friction response. These new insights will be used as a basis for future constitutive modeling of ply-ply friction. In the end, a better description of friction will improve the predictive capabilities of simulation software on defect generation during hot press forming to enable first-time-right defect-free manufacturing.
Rens has performed this research at the TPRC in close cooperation with the Production Technology research group of Remko Akkerman from the University of Twente. NWO (Dutch Research Council) financed and supported this research project.
The complete publication is available on Science Direct here.